- For Coaches
A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging brain cells.
Remove the athlete from play immediately
Ensure the athlete is evaluated by a qualified medical professional
Inform athlete’s parents or guardians about a possible concussion
Keep the athlete out of play the day of the injury and until he or she is cleared by a qualified medical professional
Athlete is back to their regular non-athletic activities (such as school).
Begin with light aerobic exercise only to increase an athlete’s heart rate. This means about 5 to 10 minutes on an exercise bike, walking or light jogging. No weightlifting.
Continue with activities to increase an athlete’s heart rate with body or head movement. This includes moderate jogging, brief running, moderate-intensity stationary biking or moderate-intensity weightlifting (less time and/or less weight from their typical routine).
Add heavy non-contact physical activity, such as sprinting/running, high-intensity stationary biking or non-contact sport-specific drills.
Young athlete may return to practice and full contact (if appropriate for the game-type) in controlled practice.
Young athlete may return to competition.